Saturday, August 10


Black Coffee, No Cream: The Fixation:
Love your creativity in writing... do more!

Saturday, November 10

Search Help George Washington Pettigrew

Judith Williams writes -


I am writing with hope that you may be able to help me further my Pettigrew research. My distant ancestor, Elizabeth Williams married George W. Pettigrew. Here is the information that I have about them:

George Washington Pettigrew - born: 26 Mar. 1830 in Virginia
died: 27 Dec. 1882 in Madison Co. Ind.
George married Elizabeth Williams 10 April 1854 in Madison Co. Ind.

Elizabeth Williams - daughter of Absalom and Hester Lane Williams
born: 1 Aug. 1836 Madison Co. Ind.
died: 28 Jul 1869 Madison Co. Ind.

I have 8 children listed for George and Elizabeth. After Elizabeth died in 1869, George was married to Elizabeth Kepner (m. 30 Sep 1869). George was also married a third time to Sarah E. Whelchel and supposedly had a daughter, Margaret, born in 1881.

As for the parents of George W. Pettigrew, I have unverified information that they are George Washington Pettigrew and Mary Parsons. I do not know if this is correct and am hoping you may be able to shed some light on this for me.

Any information about this family would be greatly appreciated.

Thank you!
Judith Williams

Saturday, April 21

Facts & Genes from Family Tree DNA

Marker DYS464 is a rapidly changing Y chromosome marker and a multi-copy marker. It most often has four copies, which are labeled: DYS464a, DYS464b, DYS464c, DYS464d. Marker DYS464 is also known to occur more than four times. Additional copies of DYS464 are called: DYS464e, DYS464f, and so forth. When more than four copies of DYS464 are found in a DNA sample, the results for all the copies are provided by Family Tree DNA.

When testing a random sample of 679 males for DYS464, scientists have found that the result 15,15,17,17 occurred in 10.6% of those tested, 15,15,16,17 occurred in 7.5% of the samples, and all the other results occurred less than 5% of the time, with over half these results only occurring once. This illustrates that marker DYS464 is valuable in differentiating unrelated persons.

The results for a multi-copy marker are reported in ascending order. For example, here are some results for DYS464:
11 11 14 16
12 14 15 16

Since the results are reported in ascending order for multi-copy markers, this must be taken into account when compar ing the results of the markers between individuals. For example, consider the following results:

Example 1: 15 15 17 17
Example 2: 13 13 15 17

At a glance, you may see 3 differences, but there are really only 2. To correctly interpret the results for this multi-copy marker, the results that match are not counted as differences. The 15 in the first example above matches a 15 in the second example, so the 15 is not counted as a difference, even though the two 15's do not line up in the display of the results. A 17 from the first example matches the 17 in the second example. The two 13's in the second example do not have a match in the first example, so in comparing these two results, we find 2 differences.

Since multi-copy markers change more rapidly, these markers are an excellent tool to identify branches or lines, or to identify persons who are not related in a genealogical time frame.

Friday, February 16

Article by Richard Pettigrew, Alexandria, Virginia

I wish to emphasize that there were two groups of Pettigrew's in Northern Ireland in the early days of the Ulster Plantation. The French Huguenots from France, who mostly wove linen, arrived in the 1600’s. This group would include the Abbeville line [South Carolina] and probably some of the NC [North Carolina] line. The Scottish line, on the other hand, had probably been in Great Britain since the 1200's and therefore had much time for DNA mutation. I believe I had seen some DNA signatures, such as Abner's, to indicate that a few of the N.C. Pettigrew's were actually of the old Scottish line as opposed to the French Huguenot line. Therefore, the time difference between the arrival of the lines would very much affect your [Pettigrew DNA Project] DNA program.

Tuesday, February 13

DNA Testing

Have a question on DNA testing?

Eight Years of Research

I found him! After 8 yrs of research, I am 99% sure I found my GGG-Grandfather. It wasn't hard to trace back to my GG-Grandfather, Jessie Pettigrew [Jesse Petigrew]. THEN: Brickwall... I was concern that GGG was no where to be found. Didn't know of any siblings to Jesse or even if we were truly Pettigrews. DNA testing proved my roots are Pettigrew. Then the break came early this year, researching the 1830 US Census records. I found James Petigrew with one son and four daughters. Could this be the one? Everything lines up. Only son [Jessie] about 15 years of age, location - Guilford County, NC.